Mythology, when literally translated, means ‘the study of myths’. But what are myths? Myths are past, heroic stories deciphered with the assistance of symbols, rituals, artifacts, traditions, festivals, moral values, etc. They enable humans to live lives that are less stressful and more motivating.
Mythology majorly focuses on the concept of God. But who is God? God is someone in whom, we as humans have complete faith without the occurrence of any doubts. God ensures us that life is a game that we have to win. There are people who are atheists i.e. who don’t believe in God, but myths are present in their lives too in the form of heroism. Animals don’t live in a world of myths or legends. This differentiates them from humans who have the capability to imagine and thus, live in a world of myths, folklore, beliefs, and legends.
However, some people confuse mythology with history. History is time-bound and is completely based on factual information whereas myths are timeless and have been transferred by our ancestors through belief (as a legacy).
Mythology connects our past with our present as it deals with stories that interpret social phenomena. The stories become metaphors in our present life.
There are hundreds of world mythologies, including Greek, Norse, Roman, Chinese, Japanese, Egyptian, Indian, etc. And it is necessary for all of us to respect each other’s beliefs and myths, without being judicial.
However, in this book, we shall majorly focus on the mythology of Hindus. So without any further delay, let’s begin our journey through the fascinating world of Hindu Mythology.