The Comma ( , ) - Editing Tip
Basic Punctuation for Fiction Writers - The Comma ( , )
It is used in writing to indicate a pause between parts of a sentence or to separate the single things in a list.
1. Also known as the Oxford comma, preceding the conjunction in a list of three or more items.
Example: Moira wrote an essay, two poems, and a short story.
2. Dates. When the format of month, day, and year is used
Example: June 12, 1989 or August 06, 2020
3. A comma is used between the city and the state when writing an address.
Example: London, UK or Paris, France
4. Degrees or titles used with names (Exception: commas are not used around Jr. or Sr.)
Example: Prof. Laura Thomson, Ph.D. is our guest speaker tonight.
5. The vocative comma is a punctuation mark used when the speaker is addressing a specific person or persons. When a speaker directly addresses an individual, that person's name must be offset by commas.
Example 1: Put down the gun, George.
Example 2: Sam, what are you hiding from me?
Example 3: Get dressed, Viola, and let's go grab a bite.
6. After introductory words and phrases or dependent clauses
Example 1: When the sun comes out, we'll go on a picnic.
Example 2: Luckily, Jon arrived just in time.
Example 3: No, it tastes awful.
Example 4: Grabbing his keys, he realized he left the stove on.
7. Between independent clauses (complete sentences) joined by a coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)
Example: Manuella wanted a lace cocktail dress, but she was broke.
8. When each adjective alone can modify the noun and still make sense, separate the adjectives with a comma.
Example: She wore a long, tight dress that night.
I'm gathering all these to self-edit my stories and I hope you'll find them useful as well.
Let me know in the comments if anything is missing.
Thank you so much for your time and have a nice day.
PS. Here are the links to my writing-related books for self-study purposes. These are the material I gathered when I started to get more and more into the craft of storytelling. Hope you'll find them useful.